What is a domain name?

What is a domain name?

In today's blog post we will explain the components of a domain name, and how it all fits together.




What is a Domain?

A domain name functions on the internet similar to that of a physical address. Each part of the domain name provides specific information, enabling web browsers to locate the web page. The naming system is closely regulated in order to prevent duplicate addresses. No two parties can have the same domain name.

Domain Names and URL’s

What people normally associate with a domain name is the universal resource locator, or URL. By entering a URL into a browser, it initiates a process that locates the requested page. The instructions contained inside the URL point the user to the location. The IP address is a numerical code that makes this possible.

Domain Names and IP Addresses

Each domain name corresponds to an Internet Protocol or IP addresses.
An IP address looks like a string of numbers, for example: IP 232.17.43.28. The internet is based on IP addresses, not domain names. People use domain names instead of IP addresses because it is easier to remember a name, rather than a series of numbers.

Components of Domain name

Every domain consists of three parts: the protocol, domain name and the TLD or Top Level Domain.

Active 24 domain name

Protocol

http stands for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, the protocol is used to communicate with a web server when searching for a website.
https - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure is used for when encryption is required, such as using internet banking and payment pages. 

Other common protocols include:
ftp - File Transfer Protocol
smtp - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol.

Sub-domain

www is a subdomain, but not part of a domain name itself. It identifies to your browser that you are looking for the World Wide Web interface.

Domain

Active24 is the domain name. All domain names are unique and must follow set character rules.

Some rules for the domain are:
- Spaces are not allowed, and it cannot begin with a dash (-)
- Special characters: !, @, #, $, %, ^, &, <, *, (, ), {, }, |, [, ], >. are not allowed
- International language special characters are allowed such as Ø, Æ, Å
- Numbers 0-9 are allowed
- Minimum of 2 & maximum of 63 characters can be used
- It is not case sensitive, “Active24” and “active24” will lead you to the same location

TLD/gTLD

.com is a domain name extension, it is considered a top level domain or TLD. All domain names have an extension, such as .com, .se, org, berlin.
This helps identify the type of website the domain name represents. For example, ".com" domain names are typically used by commercial website, ".org" websites are often used by non-profit organisations.

There are two types of top-level domains, generic and country code:

• Generic Top-Level Domains (TLDs or gTLDs): Include: .biz, .com, .edu, .gov, .info, .net, and .org.  In addition to category specific domain extensions such as: .tattoo, .club,.wales, .surf and .photography.  
   
• Country Code Top-level Domains (ccTLDs) : Two letter domains which correspond to a country, territory or other geographic location (e.g., .uk, .de, .jp, .us).

So now you know the basics of what a domain name comprises of: protocol, domain name and TLD or Top Level Domain. The domain name system gives us an easy to remember name when searching the web. Behind the scenes the IP address and its numerical instructions communicate information to locate your page.

For more information about domains check out the ICANN website* for the latest news, developments and policy updates.

With Active 24 you can choose from hundreds of TLDs,  try our domain search to find the domain you've been looking for here.

*The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a nonprofit organisation responsible for coordinating the maintenance and methodologies of several databases, with unique identifiers, related to the namespaces of the Internet - and thereby, ensuring the network's stable and secure operation. Source- Wikipedia.org

 

 

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